"Post-revolution Egypt: Non-partisan Papers for Policy Makers"
In August 2011, in the aftermath of the January 25 Revolution, this project was launched based on a serious initiative introduced by Mr. Mohamed Qassem to members of PID board of directors. This project reflects how strongly the Egyptian scientific community and relevant experts believe in the January 25 Revolution and how committed they are to supporting its principles and using their knowledge to serve its goals. In the time being, they find no other way to support it collectively except through providing the transitional government, the government to be formed based on next elections, and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) with "la crème de la crème" of their experience in addressing priority issues that are of interest to both public opinion and decision makers in Egypt.
This is where the main idea of this project came from, where it seeks to employ the capacities of Egyptian experts in various sectors to come up with the best policies enabling our country to face challenges of the transitional phase in the aftermath of the January 25, 2011 Revolution. This period starts with the ouster of former president in February 11, 2011 until the first elected government formed by virtue of legislative elections, to be held by the end of this year, ends its term and a new government is formed after the ratification of a new constitution and the conduct of the first legislative and presidential elections under this constitution. Hence, this transitional phase may last for 2 additional years (max.) starting now.
This is not a research project. Experts invited to take part in this project are very aware of the different aspects of the current situation in Egypt. The project aims at bringing them together for brainstorming best policies that should be followed by government in light of the current circumstances in the post-revolution Egypt.
Such circumstances are characterized by a number of main characteristics. For example, the state affairs are run by the SCAF and Dr. Essam Sharaf's government and there are many political forces such as youth groups who called for the revolution, new and old parties, as well as some social forces which strongly appeared following the revolution. The legal framework governing the political fray in this period should be the constitutional declaration issued in March 30, 2011.
This project seeks to draft consensus policies as much as possible. Even though all ideological streams and political movements are allowed to take part in the project, everyone adopts the slogans which the revolution has called for such as change, freedom, and human dignity or bread, freedom, and social justice. It is established that the political regime which the revolution seeks to instill is a democratic regime based on a multi-party system and the respect of human rights, according to international charters ratified by Egypt. Moreover, this regime adopts a mixed economy combining public, private, and cooperative sectors and economic policies are guided by the social market economy model. This model respects private property and market mechanisms, while seeking to ensuring social justice. Naturally, there can be many visions on how to reform or change some of the existing circumstances without using ideological arguments as a basis.
The Steering Committee of the Project decided to form 23 task groups, with each composed of a limited number of experts with wide experience in the group's relative research area. Each task group has its own rapporteur that shall be responsible for convening its meetings and writing its reports. Furthermore, each task group shall convene for 3-4 times to discuss the topic assigned to it. Then, the rapporteur of each task group prepares a report and shares it with the group to ensure that it reflects all opinions expressed during the group's meetings. If there is a need for conducting an additional research for supporting the arguments raised by each group, PID researchers may respond to the experts' demands in this regard.